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COMMON RISK FACTORS FOR OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA

  • Worsens with increasing age with one out of 25 middle-aged men and one out of 50 middle-aged women affected by it

  • Obesity with a BMI (body mass index) greater than 25

  • 17-inch neck

  • Rapid weight gain*

  • Family history of disordered sleep and high blood pressure

  • Alcohol and medications contributing to muscle relaxation and airway obstruction

  • Craniofacial structure — persons generally have a high and narrow palate, elongated soft palate, small jaw and an abnormal overjet

  • Enlarged tonsils and adenoids

  • Race — higher incidence of obstructive sleep apnea in African Americans, Mexican Americans, Pacific Islanders and Asians

*Note: 50% of people who suffer from OSA are of normal weight

 

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